*Note: this article was translated from its original copy in French to English using Google Translate.
By Ram Etwareea
The Center for Global Development, based in Washington, London and Brussels, tracks good and bad practices in international politics and cooperation. Switzerland's Anita Käppeli, a member of the board of directors, points out that poverty is declining in the world, but paradoxically, security and the environment are deteriorating
Since 1990, at least 1.1 billion people have emerged from poverty. But the other side of the coin is less glittering. According to Oxfam, one in ten people in the world lives below the UN's $ 1.90 per day poverty line - while 5% of the world's population share 60% of the income . The World Health Organization says half of the world does not have access to basic health services. And in the same vein, Unicef deplores the fact that 60 million children do not have the slightest access to education.
Faced with this sad fact, rich countries and international organizations are not giving up. Last year, according to the OECD, they spent $ 146 billion fighting exclusion. But for Lucerne's Anita Käppeli, aid is not enough if the economic system is not inclusive. For the Director of the Research and Advocacy for Europe Division of the Center for Global Development, aid must go hand in hand with coherent economic and social policies in donor countries.
Le Temps: What do you mean by "inclusive economy"?
Anita Käppeli: It's an economic and social system that aims to end poverty not only in poor countries, but also in rich countries. Its components: a fair distribution of income, access to essential services (education, health, social protection), but also access to markets and the fight against corruption. An inclusive economy still ensures that population groups are not the losers of globalization, which is itself an awesome process of creating wealth and raising standards of living.
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