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In collaboration with the Salud Mesoamerica Initiative (SMI), CGD is pleased to invite you to a two-day conference highlighting lessons learned from SMI and how SMI’s experience can inform other programs in the future of healthcare. CGD has worked on results-based financing for years. From analyzing performance-based incentives to exploring cash on delivery aid to improving value for money for the Global Fund and its partners, we have been examining ways to maximize the impact of funding on health outcomes. We now have rigorous evaluations and evidence from SMI, a large-scale results-based funding program. This model public-private partnership allocates funding at the national level based on measurable improvements in coverage and quality of reproductive, maternal, newborn, and child healthcare. It has brought together international donors, a development bank, regional bodies, national governments, and local stakeholders in an innovative partnership that rewards for health system strengthening and increased equity.
Nuevas evidencias sobre el modelo de financiamiento basado en resultados para la salud global: lecciones aprendidas de la experiencia de la Iniciativa Salud Mesoamérica
Día 1: Español
Día 2: Español
El CGD, en colaboración con la ISM, le da la bienvenida a una conferencia de dos días donde se destacan y comparten las lecciones aprendidas del modelo y la experiencia de la ISM, con la esperanza de que puedan resultar inspiradoras y puedan informar futuros programas destinados a fortalecer la atención médica. El Centro Global para el Desarrollo (CGD) ha trabajado durante años en proyectos de financiación basada en resultados. Su experiencia ha incluido el análisis de programas basados en el incentivo por desempeño; la entrega de dinero a cambio del cumplimiento de los programas; y el estudio de fórmulas que maximicen el impacto y los resultados de la financiación de programas de salud. Actualmente, el CGD dispone de evaluaciones rigurosas y evidencia científicas sobre un programa de financiamiento basado en resultados a gran escala: la Iniciativa Salud Mesoamérica (ISM). El modelo de esta asociación pública-privada se basa en la asignación de fondos condicionada a mejoras medibles y verificables en la cobertura y la calidad de la atención médica materna e infantil. Este programa ha reunido a donantes internacionales, un banco de desarrollo, organismos regionales, gobiernos nacionales y agentes locales interesados. Todos ellos forman una asociación innovadora que recompensa el fortalecimiento de los sistemas de salud y el aumento de la equidad.
In Navigation by Judgment, Dan Honig argues that high-quality implementation of foreign aid programs often requires contextual information that cannot be seen by those in distant headquarters. Tight controls and a focus on reaching pre-set measurable targets often prevent front-line workers from using skill, local knowledge, and creativity to solve problems in ways that maximize the impact of foreign aid.
For over a decade, Boko Haram has waged a campaign of terror across northeastern Nigeria. In 2014, the kidnapping of 276 girls in Chibok shocked the world, giving rise to the #BringBackOurGirls movement. Yet Boko Haram’s campaign of violence against women and girls goes far beyond the Chibok abductions. From its inception, the group has systematically exploited women to advance its aims. Perhaps more disturbing still, some Nigerian women have chosen to become active supporters of the group, even sacrificing their lives as suicide bombers. These events cannot be understood without first acknowledging the long-running marginalization of women in Nigerian society. Having conducted extensive fieldwork throughout the region, Matfess provides a vivid and thought-provoking account of Boko Haram’s impact on the lives of Nigerian women, as well as the wider social and political context that fuels the group’s violence.
Three years ago, the U.S. President’s Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR) launched the DREAMS partnership, an ambitious and innovative effort to reduce HIV infection rates among adolescent girls and young women in ten sub-Saharan Africa countries, followed by support for DREAMS activities in five additional countries last year. This large-scale collaboration between PEPFAR, the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, Girl Effect, Johnson & Johnson, Gilead Sciences, and ViiV Healthcare aims to empower girls and women through rigorous, evidence-based methods that both improve healthcare services and address structural factors that contribute to HIV risk.
There is a lot of development data out there. But how do we translate this information into better development decisions--and better outcomes? This event, convened by the development nonprofit TechnoServe, in collaboration with the Center for Global Development, will explore some of the key questions that affect billions of aid dollars: How do we compare cost-effectiveness across a wide spectrum of projects? What would development look like if long-term impact studies were a part of every project design? How do we leverage rigorous findings of impact to scale successful projects?
As part of the G7 meetings, Minister Marie-Claude Bibeau will host a meeting of G7 Development Ministers – the first of its kind since 2010. In preparation for that meeting, Minister Bibeau will join the Center for Global Development to discuss the priorities for this global development summit. In particular, she will discuss the importance of advancing the empowerment of adolescent girls including their central role in eradicating poverty and the need to move towards gender-responsive approaches to humanitarian assistance.
Intensive and potentially unethical marketing of infant formula is believed to be responsible for millions of infant deaths in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs), yet to date there have been no rigorous analyses that quantify these effects. Paul Gertler and colleagues drew on a sample of 2.48 million births in 46 countries, indicating that the introduction of Nestlé infant formula, the largest supplier worldwide, may have resulted in approximately 66,000 infant deaths in LMICs in 1981—the peak of the infant formula controversy—among households without clean water access. This suggests that unclean water inappropriately mixed into formula acted as a vector for the transmission of water-borne pathogens to infants.
Economic recovery in Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC) is gaining momentum, but more work is needed to ensure growth is both sustainable and inclusive. Looking ahead, activity is expected to gather further momentum—reflecting stronger demand at home and a supportive external environment. But there are still challenges ahead. Risks to the region’s outlook reflect internal factors as well as heightened external risks—notably, a shift towards more protectionist policies and a sudden tightening of global financial conditions. Additionally, longer-term growth prospects for Latin America and the Caribbean remain subdued.
Each year, delegations representing all World Health Organization (WHO) Member States attend the World Health Assembly (WHA) to determine the policies and budget of the organization. In advance of this year's WHA, the Center for Global Development will convene a curtain-raiser event to highlight topics and controversies on the WHA agenda -- from universal health coverage (UHC) and its measurement to the role WHO might play vis-à-vis global partnerships and funders and the alignment of global priorities.
During the early 1990s Germany received over half a million Yugoslavians fleeing war. By 2000, many of these refugees were repatriated. In their new paper, Dany Bahar and his co-authors exploit this episode to provide causal evidence on the role migrants play in contributing to productivity shifts in their home countries after their return, as explained by changes in comparative advantage.
In recent years, cash transfer programming (CTP) has emerged as one of the most significant innovations in international humanitarian assistance. The Cash Learning Partnership estimates that $2.8 billion was spent on cash and voucher programming in 2016, up 40% from 2015 and nearly double since 2014. Cash and voucher programming has demonstrated positive outcomes in addressing food security, access to education, healthcare, and economic recovery, in addition to supporting choice and dignity among affected populations.
Pascale Hélène Dubois will discuss the global impact of World Bank investigation and prevention activities and then join a panel with Kathrin Frauscher, Deputy and Program Director, Open Contracting Partnership and Hasan Tuluy, Partnership for Transparency Board Director, former World Bank Vice President, to dive deeper into what more can be done at the World Bank and other international institutions to combat corruption.
Over 1 billion women lack access to financial services due to economic and social barriers, time and mobility constraints, and discrimination in service provision. Financial services delivered digitally can address these barriers by providing women with safe and accessible channels. This event will look at the recent evidence and emerging technologies that work to empower women economically.